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Human clustering in coastal areas The coastal zone has gained a solid reputation as a place vocated for recreational activities and this is generally related to the presence of the sea. The relationship, however, does not appear univocal or simple: the sea can be perceived as a hostile element by humans and the more general question of whether the presence of the shore is in itself a favourable, repulsive, or irrelevant factor to settlement is a debatable point, at least for pre-industrial societies. Back in the early part of the 19th century, Friedrich Hegel regarded oceans and rivers as unifying elements rather than dividing ones, thus implying a trend towards the concentration of human settlements along them. 'The sea', he wrote, 'stimulates 1 courage and conquest, as well as profit and plunder', although he realized that this did not equally apply to all maritime peoples. In Hegel's view, different approaches to the sea were mainly the results of cultural factors and, in fact, he recognized that some people living in coastal areas perceive the sea as a dangerous and alien place and the shore as aftnis terrae.
From Coastal Wilderness to Fruited Plain is an account of the making of a large part of the American landscape following European settlement. Drawing upon land survey records and early travellers' accounts, Dr Whitney reconstructs the 'virgin' forests and grasslands of the north-eastern and central United States during the pre-settlement period. He then documents successively the clearance and fragmentation of the region's woodlands, the harvest of the forest and its game, the ploughing of the prairies, and the draining of wetlands. The degree to which these activities altered the soil, climate, plant and animal communities, and water cycle are evaluated, and the sustainability of present-day ecosystems is brought into question in this account.
For many, golf courses are sanctuaries where one can enjoy a few hours of relaxation away from the demands of day-to-day life. Courses along the southeastern coastal plain from North Carolina to northern Florida are also sanctuaries for wildlife. This beautifully illustrated guide highlights over 140 familiar and unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians and also features a regional map and information on the unique ecosystems in this area. Laminated for durability, this lightweight, pocket-sized folding guide is an excellent source of portable information and ideal for field use by visitors and residents alike. Made in the USA.
An invaluable dictionary, providing an essential guide to the economics and politics of this immense and important region. It contains over 1,000 entries covering the countries, the region's ethnic groups, political parties, prime ministers, presidents, business organizations, geographical features, religions and border disputes. Key Features: * entries on Chechnya, Poland, Uniate Church, Gennadii Zyuganov and the Hungarian Democratic Forum * covers twenty-two countries in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, trans-Caucasus and the Russian Federation * includes separate articles on each country, and its economy * entries are arranged alphabetically and are fully cross-referenced making the book easy to use * all organizations listed include full address, telephone, fax and email details * geographical and personal name indexes.
NATO Advanced Research Institutes are designed to explore unre- solved problems. By focusing complementary expertise from various disciplines onto one unifying theme, they approach old problems in new ways. In line with this goal of the NATO Science Committee, and with substantial support from the u.s. Office of Naval Research and the Seabed Assessment Program of the U. S. National Science Founda- tion, such a Research Institute on the theme of Coastal Upwelling and Its Sediment Record was held september 1-4, 1981, in Vilamoura, Portugal. The theme implies a modification of uniformitarian thinking in earth science. Expectations were directed not so much towards find- ing the key to the past as towards exploring the limits of interpret- ing the past based on present upwelling oceanography. Coastal up- welling and its imprint on sediments are particularly well-suited for such a scientific inquiry. The oceanic processes and conditions characteristic of upwelling are well understood and are a well- packaged representation of ocean science that are familiar to geolo- gists, just as the magnitude of bioproduction and sedimentation in upwelling regimes --among other biological and geological processes-- have made oceanographers realize that the bottom has a feedback role for their models.
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